A bungalow is typically a one or one and a half story house with a wide and generous porch. While many house can be referred to as a bungalow, it is the Craftsman bungalows of about 1900 to 1920 that interest me the most. With design and philosophical roots in the Arts and Crafts movement, they were extremely popular in California during this time period and were constructed with a number of interesting and unique design details.
In Sacramento, California this period of popularity coincided with a building boom in some of the flood prone areas of town, before the construction of protective levees. This resulted in a variant of the Craftsman or California Bungalow that is referred to as a high water bungalow - as they were built with the first living floor several feet above ground level in anticipation of flooding. Some may feel that this detracts from the otherwise low natural ground-hugging front elevation these houses had in other areas. Those who have sat on the generous porches high above the sidewalk and watched the world going by know that this feature provides aesthetic benefits as well as the intended flood protection. Now that the area is protected by levees, the originally unfinished basements have been converted to living space by many happy owners.
The bungalow photo essay here shows only a few of the excellent examples to be found in the downtown Sacramento area.